Adrian, Michigan – A diverse group of 14 scholars, including former Adrian College Reverend Christopher Momaney, recounted his missionary work in Jamaica and documented settlements on a captured slave ship, abolitionist David Created the first draft of the book on Ingraham’s 1839-1841 diary, Ulysses.
In 2015, Noel Keller, a former technical services librarian at Adrian College, discovered the journal and called Mamany to see if he could identify its authors. He and his associates concluded that the manuscript now kept in Adrian College’s Shipman Library was Ingraham’s work.
Mamany and the scholars who studied the journal, the Dialogue on Race and Faith (DRF) team, will travel to Benin, West Africa, home of those liberated from Ulysses in November. Momany will represent the group and give a presentation on his Ingraham diary at an international symposium on black slavery from the 16th century to his 19th century.
DRF’s new book on the Ingraham journal is titled “The Prophetic Past: Abolitionist Christians Modeling Racial Justice.”
The group hopes the book will be published in late 2023 or early 2024.
“This is an international project that brings to life the tradition of love and justice at Adrian College,” said Mamany. “We hope this initiative will be the starting point for more creative and positive conversations about race in America.”
Momany said Ingraham was a disciple of Asa Mahan, founder of the Adrian College. A group of scholars believe that the personal connection Ingraham had with Mahan led to the eventual discovery of the journal on the Adrian College campus more than 150 years after his writing. Mahan was pastor of the Second Congregational His Church in Pittsford, New York, of which Ingraham was a member.
Imagine the disgust and dismay Ingraham experienced. When the Portuguese brig Ulysses was captured by the British on a voyage from what is now Benin in Africa to Cuba, she examined and recorded her cabin. Ulysses was transported to Port Her Royal, Jamaica, where Ingraham was preaching.
“It seemed almost impossible when I was told that 556 slaves occupied about 800 square feet, and their room was only 2 feet 5 inches on the plain,” Ingraham wrote in 1839. I wrote in my diary after visiting the ship on Christmas Day. “Oh, where is the pity of the Christians for their slaves, and their efforts for their liberation? There is… My soul cannot believe the terrible sufferings these poor creatures must have endured during their fifty-day passage from the shores of Africa. How long will these poor creatures have to be hauled away from their homes and endure so much because of male greed? Can you tell the illegality of slavery? Oh, may we pray more often and with more faith for the oppressed. ”
Four compartments were reserved for slaves. As Ingraham notes in his diary, the room was only two feet five inches high. At the bow is his 15ft x 12ft room for his 93 slave boys, and in the next section he has a 32ft x 18ft space where he holds 216 men. I was. Next to the men was the women’s room, with 107 people confined to her 20’x20′ area. In a room measuring 16’x’14’, 117 girls were trapped in the stern.
Ingraham describes the living quarters as “dirty down to your ankles.”
Twenty-three of the POWs died during the transatlantic journey.
Ingraham’s diary contains 100 pages of writing beginning on July 14, 1839. It includes stories of a newborn son dying shortly after birth, traveling on horseback to preach the word of God, and comforting strangers and friends on their deathbed. increase.
He also wrote that he could not shake off the disease.On November 26, 1839, he wrote: I have had a cold in my lungs for almost 3 months and I am coughing and often have pain in my side… What I am doing now is causing violence to my health and my life. I hope you didn’t add it. Move or many evils will arise.
Ingraham returned to America for several months to improve his health, and on the return trip to Jamaica described one of several disturbing incidents he witnessed at sea: [of] Africa has been treated harshly. Three of them were severely beaten with large ropes for what I would call very minor transgressions. My heart yearned for them, and I felt in my soul every stroke that was cast upon them and the harsh words that were spoken to them. They seem to suffer because they are black and not for any other reason. ”
The journal ends abruptly on March 14, 1841. On that day, Ingraham wrote: My recovery seems almost impossible in my current situation where I currently have the prospect of recovery and, in fact, the care and responsibility I have so that I can teach and preach. In my precarious state, I feel obligated to put my family among my family and friends if possible. I don’t want them to be alone or without friends when I leave them. ”
Ingraham died of lung disease on August 1, 1841. [tuberculosis] Two years after recording the slave ship.
Ingraham’s journal has been professionally preserved and digitally scanned. It can be viewed online at http://adrian.edu/library/theses/ingram_diary.pdf. Funding for the manuscript’s research is provided by Seattle His Pacific College and the MJ Murdoch Charitable Trust.
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