population of china First drop in over 60 yearsaccording to figures released on Tuesday.
But that’s not all.
Many countries, especially in Europe and Asia, will experience population declines in the coming decades if the 2100 projections released by the United Nations last July prove correct. Elsewhere, populations are already declining.
the population is already declining
Eight countries with populations of 10 million or more have experienced population decline over the past decade. Most are European.
The population of Italy, Portugal, Poland, Romania and Greece is declining, along with Ukraine, whose population has plummeted due to the Russian invasion.
There are many reasons behind these declines, some of which are country-specific, but they are all due to lower fertility rates and women giving birth to fewer babies on average than before.
According to the World Bank, these Southern and Eastern European countries have recorded fertility rates of 1.2 to 1.6 children per woman. To stabilize the population, the fertility rate must be above 2.
Adding to this phenomenon is the massive outflow of migrants in Poland, Romania and Greece, with more people living abroad than at home.
Outside of Europe, Japan is also seeing a decline in the elderly population. This is largely due to her low fertility rate of 1.3 per woman and low immigration.
Japan has lost over 3 million people between 2011 and 2021.
The same is true for the Middle East. In Syria, the population has been devastated by more than a decade of violent war, forcing millions of refugees to flee to neighboring countries and beyond.
The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights (SOHR) estimates that about 606,000 men, women and children have died in the fighting.
what will fade tomorrow
China, now the world’s most populous country, has been worrying for years about the economic and social impact of an aging population, but a declining population was not expected for almost a decade. .
Tuesday’s revelation that China’s population is currently declining is expected to be a permanent trend that will affect the population for years to come.
China is projected to lose almost half of its population by 2100, plummeting from over 1.4 billion to 771 million.
Russia, Germany, South Korea and Spain have all joined this downward trend, with their populations beginning to decline by 2030.
The population of Europe as a whole will begin to decline as early as this decade.
However, there are some exceptions.
Populations in Europe, the Americas, and Asia should all begin to decline by 2100, while Africa’s population will continue to grow rapidly.
Africa’s population will grow from 1.4 billion to 3.9 billion by 2100. About 38% of the world’s population will live in Africa, compared to about 18% today.