On World Stroke Day, people with certain lifestyle habits are more susceptible to this disease. According to a study in India, more than 10-15% of people under the age of 40 have a stroke.
Studies in India show that more than 10-15% of people under the age of 40 have a stroke. (Photo credit: Getty Images)
Daphne Clarence: Over the last few years, people under the age of 45 have had strokes due to a variety of lifestyle factors.
Studies in India show that more than 10-15% of people under the age of 40 have a stroke. This calls for raising awareness among the population, especially on World Stroke Day, to encourage the young population to switch to healthier life choices.
“More young patients are experiencing stroke due to lifestyle factors, including unhealthy eating patterns and increased stress in their work and home lives, which make them more susceptible to stroke.” advises Dr. Jaideep Bansal, Neurology Director and HOD, Fortis Hospital Shalimar Bagh. .
Stroke is the sudden loss or death of brain cells from blood plaques. It may be caused by an internal blockage of an artery called a thrombus. Or it could be cholesterol. Or it could be due to hemorrhage or rupture of an artery, which can cause blood flow to the artery to stop.More than 80% of his strokes are ischemic strokes. In other words, the arteries are blocked due to lifestyle habits.
There are several substances in the blood in the arteries. Arteries have smooth linings, and clots form in arteries when blood stagnates. This leads to stroke. He has two types of strokes: changeable strokes and unchangeable strokes.
Uncorrectable stroke is caused by age-related changes. Anyway, arterial thickening occurs with age and cannot be stopped. Genetic factors are also involved in uncorrectable stroke.
Modifiable risk factors include diabetes, hypertension, alcohol consumption, obesity, cholesterol, and substance abuse. “These unhealthy habits can lead to thickening of the arteries – ischemic stroke or plaque formation. Plaque is the formation of fatty tissue within the artery wall, which leaves no inner wall of the artery. This creates friction in the flow of blood cells and can lead to clots,” says Dr. Jaideep Bansal.
Lifestyle habits that increase the risk of stroke
Alcohol consumption: “When people drink alcohol for a long period of time, it changes their arteries, making them more susceptible to stroke and heart attack,” says Dr. Bansal. Restricting or quitting alcohol in your lifestyle can make stroke less likely.
smoking: Smoking is a risk factor for brain and heart disease.
sleepy: “Early to bed, early to rise. There is an area in the brain that understands time. I manage my body in terms of routines. I wake up at a set time and go to bed at a set time. I wake up at 5am, sometimes at 7am. Dr. Bansal adds that several hormones are released during sleep and are disrupted if a person has an irregular sleep schedule.
diet: Eliminate junk food completely and eat a high-fiber diet that includes fruits and vegetables. “Even with digestion, the brain prepares the body. This improves the digestion of food. Drink plenty of fluids and eat a high-fiber diet every day, which means eating lots of fruits and vegetables.”
stress: Stress is a modifiable factor and eliminating it can significantly improve your lifestyle. “This affects a lot of the young population. Strokes in young people lead to disability from stroke.This can lead not only to health problems but also to labor shortages in the economy,” he added. increase.
Regular exercise: Narrow it down with 30-45 minutes of exercise a day. Avoid strenuous exercise and start with light exercise. “A sedentary lifestyle is a risk factor for stroke, not just obesity,” he says.
“Knowledge about stroke is important because it can lead to disability and it can be disabling for a person. These lifestyle changes can help prevent this condition,” Dr. Bansal said. I will add.