As residents of Delhi/NCR defied the ban on crackers on Diwali, the polluted air was expected to cause most to complain of breathing difficulties. Even those who have popped so-called “green” crackers, which contain no barium or heavy metals, cannot discount the smoke they emit. The next morning Delhi recorded her Air Quality Index (AQI) of 323 and Noida her AQI of 342. Asthma is the most common complaint.
What are the symptoms of asthma?
The main symptom of asthma is shortness of breath. It manifests as tightness or pain in the chest, wheezing on exhalation, paroxysmal coughing, and difficulty sleeping due to shortness of breath or coughing. It may be accompanied by a runny nose, nasal congestion, congestion, sneezing, an itchy throat, pain, itching, changes in the eyes and ears, and mucus (phlegm), all of which indicate an allergy.
Apart from Diwali, what leads to air pollution this time of year?
Many factors affect October: cold weather, pollution, pollination, smog from burning biofuels, hay, crackers, and car emissions. Indoor pollution also increases as people choose to clean and paint their homes during this time. Efforts should therefore be made to avoid exposing young, elderly, known, or recovering patients with asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and tuberculosis to these triggers. Even patients who have recovered from severe Covid infections should be careful.
What steps should asthmatics take during this time?
Asthmatics should avoid exposure to heavy pollution and triggers such as dust, pollen and cold air. If acceptable, you should wear a mask, preferably an N95. You have to keep taking your medicine, such as an inhaler. They must have SOS medicine nearby, such as steroid inhalers, spacers for using the inhalers, large amounts of liquids, and someone on the phone who can take them for emergency consultations. not.
What to do if a person is suffering from an asthma attack?
First, calm down. Take slow, deep breaths. Use SOS medicine like an inhaler as prescribed. Use a nebulizer as needed and as prescribed by your doctor. Warm beverages such as tea/coffee may help. Go to the hospital if it doesn’t get better.
How far should asthmatics stay from firecrackers?
Firecrackers should be avoided at all costs. they are not safe.
What diet and routine should I follow in the air pollution in Delhi NCR?
A diet rich in fruits and green leafy vegetables to provide vitamins, especially beta-carotene, C and E. Avoid obesity. Avoid foods that cause known allergies. Cheese, fish, seafood, and peanut butter are known triggers, but individuals may know their allergens. Avoid foods that contain preservatives. Vitamin D boosts immunity. Foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids may help.